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EUROPEAN CITIES

BELGIUM
Antwerp - Bruge - Brussels - Ghent - Liege

DENMARK
Aalborg - Copenhagen

ENGLAND
Birmingham - Bristol - Leeds - London - Manchester

FRANCE
Lyon - Nancy - Paris - Strasbourg - Toulouse

GERMANY
Berlin - Cologne - Frankfurt - Hamburg - Munich

GREECE
Athens - Heraklion - Ioannina - Magnesia Thessaloniki

HUNGARY
Budapest - Miskolc

IRELAND
Cork - Dublin - Galway - Kerry - Limerick

ITALY
Florence - Milano - Naples - Rome - Venice

LATVIA
Riga

LUXEMBOURG
Luxembourg

MONACO
Monaco

THE NETHERLANDS
Amsterdam - Haarlem - Hague - Rotterdam - Utrecht

NORTHERN IRELAND
Armagh - Belfast - Enniskillen

NORWAY
Bergen - Oslo

PORTUGAL
Braga - Lisbon - Porto

SCOTLAND
Aberdeen - Dundee - Edinburgh - Glasgow

SPAIN
Barcelona - Madrid - Sevilla - Valencia

SWEDEN
Gothenburg - Kiruna - Malmo - Stockholm - Uppsala

SWITZERLAND
Basel- Geneva

TURKEY
Ankara - Istanbul

WALES
Cardiff - Newport - Swansea

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MUSEUM FOCUS

One of the gems among the museums of Europe is La Louvre, Paris. The building which the works are housed in is just as amazing as the magnificent paintings, sculptures and relics from history held inside. The former royal palace and modern glass pyramid are contrasting but equally brilliant pieces of architecture.

The collection contains thousands of exhibits which would take months to see. Due to the vast size of La Louvre it is important to organise your visit to prioritise the pieces you would like to see most. The Mona Lisa by Da Vinci is a crowd favourite as is the Venus Di Milo by Michelangelo. It can be difficult to catch a glimpse of these star exhibits at peak times but there are hundreds of lesser known works of outstanding cultural merit to enjoy as you wait.

Whilst in Paris you should also enjoy the Musee d'Orsay where you will find many of the most famous and well known paintings by Van Gogh, Monet, and Rembrant. During my last visit I was able to enjoy Van Gogh's Sunflowers, and Monet's Water lilies from only inches away.

If you are planning a visit to Rome, when you have finished exploring the fantastic culture of the historic city which was once the centre of Europe you should pay a visit to the Vatican Museum. There is simply no way to describe the wonder of the Sistine Chapel ceiling which was painted by Michelangelo and is one of Italy's national monuments. It is the most famous ceiling art in the world and much has been written about it but you can not fully appreciate the magnificence until you have stood there in person and looked upon it. The museum is also home to an exceptional range of pieces including The Laocoon Group which is a fantastic marble sculpture from the 1st century BC. The piece has survived in remarkable condition for the age and is magnificent.

If your interest weighs more towards science than art then an absolute must see museum in Europe is the Natural History Museum, London. The museum is fully of a wide variety of exhibitions including the work of Darwin, the principles and history of watch and clock making and a breathtaking photographic exhibition. In the months surrounding Christmas the museum is also home to a 950m outdoor ice rink for winter ice skating.

If your trip to Europe will include Spain you should pay a visit to the national museum which is known as Museo Nacional Del Prado in Madrid. The Del Prado is home to the works of Picasso, including the acrobat balancing on a ball and one of the most important paintings by Francisco Goya, the Victorious Hannibal which will spend the next 6 years at the museum.


 

MUSEUMS IN EUROPE

Europe is home to some of the greatest museums in the world. All major cities of Europe have renowned centres of art, science and culture. Numerous masterpieces by history’s most famous artists are housed in European museums. european-museums.com aims to provide students and young people with the knowledge and information that would enable them to explore the rich heritage of Europe
BELGIUM MUSEUMS
Bruges Museum of Archaelogy City Museum for Contemporary Art Curtius Museum Fashion Museum (MoMu) Groeningemuseum Middelheim Museum Museum of Fine Arts Museum of Bruges Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Liege Musical Instrument Museum Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and of Military History Royal Museum of Fine Arts The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium Plantin-Moretus Museum
Must visit museum in Belgium: The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
The Royal Museum contains over 20,000 drawings, sculptures, and paintings, which date from the early 15th century to the present. The museum has an extensive collection of Flemish painting, among them paintings by Bruegel and Rogier van der Weyden, Robert Campin (the Master of Flémalle), Anthony van Dyck, and Jacob Jordaens. The Museum also houses the famous painting The Death of Marat by Jacques-Louis David


DENMARK MUSEUMS
Defence and Garrison Museum Nordjyllands Historiske Museum Kunsten Museum of Modern Art Aalborg National Museum of Denmark Statens Museum for Kunst Museum of Copenhagen National Danish Museum of Photography The David Collection Kunstforeningen Tøjhus Museum Danish Jewish Museum
Must visit museum in Denmark: The National Museum of Denmark
The National Museum is the museum for all Denmark, where you can follow the history of the Danes up until the present day. At the National museum you can take a journey around the world from Greenland to South America. In addition, the museum sponsors SILA - The Greenland Research Centre at the National Museum of Denmark to further archaeological and anthropological research in Greenland.


ENGLAND MUSEUMS
Arnolfini Aston Hall At-Bristol Barber Institute of Fine Arts Blaise Castle Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery The British Museum Cornerhouse Heaton Hall HMS Belfast Ikon Gallery Imperial War Museum Leeds Art Gallery Leeds City Museum Manchester Art Gallery Manchester Museum Museum of Science and Industry Natural History Museum Royal Armouries Royal West of England Academy Science Museum SS Great Britain Thackray Museum Thinktank Birmingham Thwaite Mills Tower Bridge Tyseley Locomotive Works Victoria and Albert Museum
The British Museum

The Great Court surrounding the original Reading Room,
seen inside the British Museum

Must visit museum in England: The British Museum and Harry Potter Studio Tour - London
The British Museum has grown to become one of the largest museums in the world, displaying approximately 50,000 items from its collection. Currently there are nearly one hundred galleries open to the public. The British Museum houses the world's largest and most comprehensive collection of Egyptian antiquities outside the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. A collection of immense importance for its range and quality, it includes objects of all periods from virtually every site of importance in Egypt and the Sudan. The Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities of the British Museum has one of the world's largest and most comprehensive collections of antiquities from the Classical world, with over 100,000 objects.


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FRANCE MUSEUMS
Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon Musée Gadagne Musée de l'Imprimerie Museum of Contemporary Art Gallo-Roman Museum of Lyon Palace of the Dukes of Lorraine Museum of Fine Arts of Nancy Musée de l'École de Nancy The Louvre Musée d'Orsay Pompidou Centre Espace Dalí Quai Branly Museumis The Picasso Museum Paris Wine Museum National Museum of Natural History Paris Museum of Modern Art Strasbourg Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art Museum of Fine Arts of Strasbourg City of Strasbourg's museum Natural History Museum Museum of Decorative Art Musée des Augustins Hôtel d'Assézat Cité de l'espace
Louvre Palace and the Pyramid

Courtyard of the Louvre Palace and the Pyramid
Photograph taken by Benh Lieu Song


Must visit museum in France: The Louvre
The Musée du Louvre is one of the world's largest museums, the most visited art museum in the world and a historic monument. The museums collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings. The Louvre exhibits sculptures, objets d'art, paintings, drawings, and archaeological finds. Today the Musée du Louvre contains more than 380,000 objects and displays 35,000 works of art over it's eight departments.


GERMANY MUSEUMS
Bode Museum Bavarian National Museum Deutsches Museum Museum of Ethnology, Hamburg Fragrance Museum Frankfurter Kunstverein Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg Munich Residenz Naturmuseum Senckenberg Neues Museum Pergamon Museum Roman-Germanic Museum Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt Wallraf-Richartz Museum
Pergamon Museum
Pergamon Museum
Copyright © Raimond Spekking

Must visit museum in Germany: Pergamon Museum
The Pergamon houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar, the Market Gate of Miletus, all consisting of parts transported from Turkey. The museum is subdivided into the antiquity collection, the Middle East museum, and the museum of Islamic art.


GREECE MUSEUMS
National Archaeological Museum Acropolis Museum Athens War Museum The National Historical Museum of Greece, Athens Museum of the Ancient Agora Athens National Museum of Contemporary ArtHistorical Museum of Crete Heraklion Archaeological Museum Lychnostatis Open Air Museum Museum of Cretan Ethnology Aquaworld Aquarium Archaeological Museum of Ioannina Averoff Gallery Pavlos Vrellis Greek History Museum Municipal Ethnographic Museum of Ioannina Archaeological Museum of Volos Photographic Center Skopelos Thessaly Railway Museum Papadiamantis House Museum of Skiathos Thessaloniki Olympic Museum Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki White Tower of Thessaloniki Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art
Must visit museum in Greece: National Archaeological Museum
The National Archaeological Museum houses some of the most important artifacts from a variety of archaeological locations around Greece from prehistory to late antiquity. It is considered one of the great museums in the world and contains the richest collection of artifacts from Greek antiquity worldwide.


HUNGARY MUSEUMS
Geological Museum Greek Orthodox Church and Museum Hungarian National Gallery Hungarian Natural History Museum Museum of Applied Arts Museum of Fine Arts Ottó Herman Museum Transport Museum of Budapest Waxworks museum of the Castle of Diósgyőr
Hungarian Natural History Museum, Ludovika Academy

Hungarian Natural History Museum, Ludovika Academy
Photograph © Zoltan Korsos

Must visit museum in Hungary: Museum of Fine Arts
The museum's collection is made up of international art, including all periods of European art, and comprises more than 100,000 pieces. The collection is made up of various older additions such as those from Buda Castle, the Esterházy and Zichy estates, as well as donations from individual collectors. The Museum's collection is made up of six departments: Egyptian, Antique, Old sculpture gallery, Old painter gallery, Modern collection, Graphics collection.


IRELAND MUSEUMS
Cobh Heritage Centre Bantry House Barryscourt Castle Connemara Heritage and History Centre Desmond Castle and the International Museum of Wine Dublin Castle Dublin Writers Museum Dunguaire Castle Dunsandle Castle Galway City Museum Hunt Museum Irish Museum of Modern Art James Joyce Centre Kerry County Museum King John's Castle (Limerick) Lough Gur Muckross House National Leprechaun Museum National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology National Museum of Ireland - Decorative Arts & History Natural History Museum (Ireland) Ross Castle
Must visit museum in Ireland: The National Museum of Ireland
The National Museum of Ireland is Ireland’s premier cultural institution and home to the greatest collections of Irish material heritage, culture and natural history in the world. Whether online or in person, we hope your experience is engaging and inspiring.


ITALY MUSEUMS
Academy of Fine Arts Bargello Palace The Uffizi Gallery Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze Biblioteca Ambrosiana Museo Poldi Pezzoli Castello Sforzesco Museum of the Risorgimento Naples National Archaeological Museum Palace of Caserta National Museum of Capodimonte Pietrarsa Railway Museum Capitoline Museums Keats-Shelley Memorial Housey Vatican Museums Pinacoteca Art Gallery Doria Pamphilj Gallery Museo Pio-Clementino Museo Chiaramonti Museo Gregoriano Etrusco Museo Egiziano Palazzo Spada National Museum of Rome Crypta Balbi Palazzo Altemps National Library of St Mark's Accademia Museo Correr Ca' Rezzonico
Vatican Museums

A spiral staircase inside one of the Vatican Museums
Photo by Andreas Tille

Must visit museum in Italy: Vatican Museums
The Vatican Museums, in Viale Vaticano in Rome, inside the Vatican City, are among the greatest museums in the world, since they display works from the immense collection built up by the Roman Catholic Church throughout the centuries. The Vatican Museums contain masterpieces of painting, sculpture and other works of art collected by the popes through the centuries. The Museums include several monumental works of art, such as the Sistine Chapel, the Chapel of Beato Angelico, the Raphael Rooms and Loggia and the Borgia Apartment.


LATVIA MUSEUMS
Latvian National Museum of Art Museum of the History of Riga and Navigation Riga Motor Museum Riga Film Museum Museum of the Occupation of Latvia Latvian Ethnographic Open Air Museum
Must visit museum in Latvia: Latvian National Museum of Art
The Latvian National Museum of Art is the richest collection of national art in Latvia. It houses more than 52,000 works of art reflecting the development of professional art in the Baltic area and in Latvia from the middle of the 18th century up until the present time. It also features Russian art from the 16th to the first half of the 20th century.


LUXEMBOURG
National Museum of History and Art National Museum of Natural History Luxembourg City History Museum National Museum of Military History Photothèque Mudam
Must visit museum in Luxembourg: National Museum of History and Art
National Museum of History and Art houses a variety of collections from classical to modern art, archaeological artifacts, weapons, coins and more. It also has exibits that present Luxembourg's folklore and living culture from the 16th to the early 20th century.


MONACO
Oceanographic Museum Prince's Palace of Monaco Napoleon Museum, Musée National de Monaco Jardin Exotique de Monaco
Must visit museum in Luxembourg: Prince's Palace of Monaco
The Prince's Palace of Monaco is the official residence of the Prince of Monaco. Built in 1191 as a Genoese fortress, during its long and often dramatic history it has been bombarded and besieged by many foreign powers.The Prince's Palace of Monaco is the official residence of the Prince of Monaco. Built in 1191 as a Genoese fortress, during its long and often dramatic history it has been bombarded and besieged by many foreign powers.


THE NETHERLANDS MUSEUMS
Allard Pierson Museum Beelden aan Zee Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Museum Catharijneconvent Chabot Museum Centraal Museum Gemeentemuseum Den Haag Frans Hals Museum Museum De Hallen Historisch Museum Haarlem Louwman Museum Museum Maluku Mauritshuis Natuurhistorisch Museum Rotterdam Netherlands Architecture Institute Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum Museum Speelklok Nederlands Spoorwegmuseum Rembrandt House Museum Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Stedelijk Museum Teyler's Museum Tropenmuseum Wereldmuseum


Rijksmuseum as seen from the Museumplein
Photograph © Markus Würfel

Must visit museum in Luxembourg: Rijksmuseum Amsterdam
The Rijksmuseum Amsterdam is dedicated to arts, crafts, and history. It has a large collection of paintings from the Dutch Golden Age and a substantial collection of Asian art. The paintings collection includes works by artists Jacob van Ruysdael, Frans Hals, Johannes Vermeer, Jan Steen and Rembrandt and Rembrandt's pupils. The Rijksmuseum Research Library is also part of the Rijksmuseum, and is the largest public art history research library in The Netherlands.


NORTHERN IRELAND MUSEUMS
Armagh County Museum Armagh Observatory Armagh Planetarium Belfast Exposed Castle Coole Enniskillen Castle Museums Fermanagh County Museum Florence Court Golden Thread Gallery Inniskillings Museum Linen Hall Library Royal Irish Fusiliers Museum Royal Ulster Rifles Ulster Museum
Must visit museum in Northern Ireland: Ulster Museum
The Ulster Museum is located in the Botanic Gardens in Belfast. Its collections features material from fine art and applied art, archaeology, ethnography, treasures from the Spanish Armada, local history, numismatics, industrial archaeology, botany, zoology and geology. It is the largest museum in Northern Ireland, it is also part of the National Museums Northern Ireland.


NORWAY MUSEUMS
Bergen Museum Hanseatic Museum and Schøtstuene Troldhaugen Bryggens Museum Nobel Peace Center Museum of Cultural History Norwegian Museum of Cultural History Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology Natural History Museum at the University of Oslo Kon-Tiki Museum Oslo City Museum Ibsen Museum
Must visit museum in Norway: Norwegian Museum of Cultural History
Norwegian Museum of Cultural History at Bygdøy in Oslo, is a large open air museum. Norsk Folkemuseum is one of Norway’s largest museum of cultural history. Among its more significant buildings are Gol stave church from the 13th century which incorporated was into the Norwegian Folk Museum in 1907


PORTUGAL MUSEUMS
Biscainhos Museum Cathedral Treasure or Sacred Art Museum Nogueira da Silva Museum Portuguese Image Museum National Archaeology Museum National Coach Museum National Museum of Ancient Art Maritime Museum Museu Calouste Gulbenkian Museum of the Orient Electricity Museum Carmo Archaeological Museum Chiado Museum Soares dos Reis National Museum Porto Military Museum The Serralves Museum Arqueossítio da Rua de D. Hugo Prince's House
Must visit museum in Portugal: National Museum of Ancient Art
The Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, is the most important art museum in Portugal as well as being among the most important in Europe. It is located in the Palácio de Alvor-Pombal. It is the best museum in which to understand the development of Portuguese art prior to the early nineteenth century. The museum collection includes painting, sculpture, metalwork, textiles, furniture, drawings, and other decorative art forms from the Middle Ages to the early nineteenth century.


SCOTLAND MUSEUMS
Aberdeen Arts Centre Aberdeen Maritime Museum Burrell Collection Dundee Contemporary Arts Edinburgh Castle Glasgow Science Centre Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum McManus Galleries Mills Observatory Museum of Scotland Provost Skene's House Satrosphere Science Centre The Tolbooth National Library of Scotland Our Dynamic Earth People's Palace Royal Museum Verdant Works
Must visit museum in Scotland: Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum
The Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum houses one of Europe's great civic art collections. It has one of the finest collections of arms and armour in the world and a vast natural history collection. The art collection includes many outstanding European artworks, including works by the Old Masters, French Impressionists, Dutch Renaissance, Scottish Colourists and proponents of the Glasgow School.


SPAIN MUSEUMS
The Museum of America in Madrid National Art Museum of Catalonia The National Museum of Archaeology of Spain Barcelona Centre of Contemporary Culture Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art The Museum of Fine Arts of Seville National Museum Reina Sofia Art Center National Museum of Natural History of Spain The Palace of the Countess of Lebrija Picasso Museum Prado Museum The City of Arts and Sciences The Valencian Museum of Ethnology
Museo del Prado

Museo del Prado
Copyright © Brian Snelson

Must visit museum in Spain: Prado Museum
The Museo del Prado is a museum and art gallery featuring one of the world's finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century. The collection currently comprises around 7,600 paintings, 1,000 sculptures, 4,800 prints and 8,200 drawings, in addition to a large number of works of art and historic documents.


SWEDEN MUSEUMS
The City Museum of Gothenburg The Cog Museum Esrange Space Centre The Göteborg Museum of Art InfoMine The Linnaean Garden Malmo Museum The Museum of Modern Art in Malmo The Nobel Museum The Nordic Museum Skansen Open-Air Museum The Stockholm Museum of Science and Technology The Swedish Museum of Architecture Universeum and The Museum of World Culture Upplandsmuseet Uppsala Castle Vasa Warship Museum The Volvo Museum
Must visit museum in Sweden: Skansen Open-Air Museum
Skansen located on the island Djurgården in Stockholm is home to the worlds oldest open-air museum. It attracts more than 1.3 million visitors each year. It has a unique collection of 150 historical buildings (from 1680-) offering a unique living history of Sweden and its different parts before the industrial era.


SWITZERLAND MUSEUMS
Kunstmuseum Basel Museum of Cultures Basel Natural History Museum of Basel Basel Historical Museum Skulpturhalle Basel Dollhouse Museum Geneva History of Art Museum The Rath Museum The Ariana Museum Natural History Museum of Geneva
Musée Ariana

Ariana Museum aka Swiss Museum of Ceramics and Glass in Geneva
Photograph taken by Jorges

Must visit museum in Switzerland: The Ariana Museum
The Musée Ariana, also known as the Musée suisse de la céramique et du verre, is a museum in Geneva, Switzerland. It is devoted to ceramic and glass artwork, and contains around 20,000 objects from the last 1,200 years, representing the historic, geographic, artistic and technological breadth of glass and ceramic manufacture during this time


TURKEY MUSEUMS
Istanbul Archaeology Museums Rahmi M. Koç Museum Dolmabahçe Palace Great Palace Mosaic Museum The Beylerbeyi Palace Santralistanbul Modern Art Museum The Energy Museum at Santralistanbul Jewish Museum of Turkey Istanbul Naval Museum Museum of Anatolian Civilizations State Art and Sculpture Museum Anitkabir
Must visit museum in Turkey: Istanbul Archaeology Museums
The Istanbul Archaeology Museums houses over one million objects that represent almost all of the eras and civilizations in world history. The ornate Alexander Sarcophagus, once believed to be prepared for Alexander the Great, is among the most famous pieces of ancient art in the museum. The museum has a large collection of Turkish, Hellenistic and Roman artifacts.


WALES MUSEUMS
Cardiff Castle Museum of the Welsh Soldier Dylan Thomas Centre Doctor Who Exhibition Cardiff National Museum Cardiff National Roman Legion Museum National Waterfront Museum Newport Museum Museum of Egyptian Antiquities (Egypt Centre) Pierhead Building Riverfront Arts Centre Roman Baths Museum St Fagans National History Museum Taliesin Arts Centre Tredegar House The Cardiff Story Swansea Museum
Must visit museum in Wales: National Museum Cardiff
National Museum Cardiff has collections of archaeology, botany, fine and applied art, geology and zoology. The collection of Old Master paintings in Cardiff includes, among other notable works, The Virgin and Child between Saint Helena and St Francis by Amico Aspertini, The Poulterer's Shop by Frans Snyders and A Calm by Jan van de Cappelle. A collection of landscape paintings in the classical tradition includes works by Claude, Gaspard Dughet and Salvator Rosa. There is a gallery devoted to British patronage of the eighteenth century, in particular that of Sir Watkin Williams Wynn







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